FIND HERE THE BEST ANDROID TABLETS

FIND HERE THE BEST ANDROID TABLETS

There is an incredible amount of new Android tablets coming onto the market. With all these options, consumers may have trouble buying their new device. The following list lists some of the best 8 inch Android tablets this year.

Google Nexus 9

Google Nexus 9

This is the first tablet that will be sold with Android 5.0 Lollipop directly from the box. The 9 is the successor of the Nexus 7. We know that he is one of the most difficult rivals of the iPad. This tablet is made by HTC and its touch screen is 8.9 inches. It comes with the Corning Gorilla Glass 3 protection. The resolution is 1536 x 2048. The main factor that has an advantage for this tablet is the fact that it was designed with special attention for the latest version of the system. Exploitation.

Samsung Galaxy Tab S

Samsung Galaxy Tab S

The Galaxy Tab S is available in 2 versions, the screen of 10.5 inches and the other of 8.4 inches. The screen is equipped with AMOLED technology and the tablet is very light and extremely thin. The features and performance are among the main assets of this tablet.

Lenovo Yoga Tablet 2

This tablet has an 8 inch LCD screen. The resolution is 1920 x 1200 and the density is 283 dpi. The Wi-Fi version is pretty light at around 419g. The tablet comes with a quad-core processor and a clock at 1.33 GHz, or 3 GB of RAM and 16 GB of internal storage. It’s a good, affordable tablet.

The author writes on a variety of subjects including the Refurbished Samsung phones and the Refurbished tablets wholesale

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BEST SMARTPHONES 2019: THE REFURBISHEDI`s SELECTION BEST PHONES AVAILABLE TODAY

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Refurbished i’s roundup of the very best smartphones money can buy today. Get the best phone for you now

If you’re wondering which the best smartphones of 2019 are, we’re about to tell you: from the impressive iPhone Apple XS Max Huawei Mate 20 Pro, the extraordinarily fast mobile, the OnePlus 6T extremely fast to brilliant. Around the world of the Honor View 20 you will find a better phone for 2019.

You can find all quality phones worthy of your consideration, all the phones that really stand out, in our best 2019 phone book. In addition, we have packed this article with information that will help you choose the right option for you. .

No doubt about it: we have made every effort to provide you with the most reliable smartphones guide on the market in 2019: we have tested every aspect of every phone, from the quality of the screen to the duration of the display. Battery, internal specifications to the quality of the camera.

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We also spent a lot of time with each phone on our best 2019 phone list, so we can say exactly what, say, Google Pixel 3 XL or Sony Xperia XZ3 Smartphones are like living with them. An extended daily basis.

We only include the best phones in this list, so you can be sure to read the latest devices. We have also listed all phones in order of preference to avoid confusion: the first phone is the best you can get in 2019.

Discover the best Android smartphones

And here are the best cheap phones on the market.

So, whether you’re looking for the best Android smartphone you can buy or a brilliant new iPhone update from Apple, we’ve seen and thoroughly tested the best phones on the market, so you do not have to.

Take a look below and we guarantee that you will find the best phone for your needs, and we will start with the best smartphone available today…

1. APPLE IPHONE XS / XS MAX

Simply the best smartphone you can buy today. Just choose a screen size…

SPECIFICATIONS

APPLE IPHONE XS / XS MAX

Weight: 177g / 208gDimensions: 143.6 x 70.9 x 7.7mm / 157.5 x 77.4 x 7.7mmOS: iOS12Screen size: 5.8 inches / 6.5 inches Resolution: 1125 x 2436 pixels / 1,242 x 2,688 pixels CPU: Apple A12 Bionic RAM: 4GBStorage: 64/256/512GBBattery: 2658mAh / 3174 mAh Rear camera: Dual 12MPFront camera: 7 MP f/2.2

REASONS TO BUY

+Incredibly desirable

+Massively powerful and fast

+Fantastic HDR screen

REASONS TO AVOID

-Average battery life

Is the Apple iPhone XS / XS Max the best phone you can buy today? Yes, but only for a mustache. The Huawei Mate 20 Pro is, in terms of hardware package, the best phone ever created. In general, however, it is the ultra-desirable of the iPhone XS and the iPhone XS Max with the largest screen that carries the throne of smartphones for Apple.

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The first thing that draws attention to the design is, of course, the beautiful OLED Super Retina display. It is true that the screen, from one side to the other, is absolutely impressive, both in terms of design and technology, and plays an important role in placing this product among the best on the list of phones. 2019.

Watching movies on the screen is particularly impressive: all Apple OLED phones are compatible with Dolby Vision (the most advanced type of HDR) and compatible with Netflix and iTunes movies, so there’s plenty of content to look, which has XS of 5.8 inches and XS of 6.5 inches max.

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Besides the screen, you have Apple’s incredibly fast Anion Bionic processor, a fantastic dual 12 MP camera with vertical lighting mode and Face ID (which actually works really well). Compared to last year’s iPhone X, the Apple iPhone XS / XS Max has been subtly redesigned from top to bottom, and the results are excellent.

Of course, we must mention the price. The iPhone XS starts at a hefty price of £ 999 ($ ​​999) and the iPhone XS Max at £ 1,099 ($ ​​1,099), making it the most expensive iPhone to date.

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We’ll say this: if you think it’s too much money, then the iPhone XS / XS Max is not for you. Are the prices justified? Well, it’s complicated. Like a Louis Vuitton bag, there are more affordable alternatives that do exactly the same job, but it’s about prestige and brand.

Apple is slowly turning into a luxury goods company for some time, and the iPhone XS / XS Max is another step in that direction. It’s essentially a luxury range of a designer brand, with Apple successfully creating an incredibly desirable package that comes in two different screen sizes.

2. HUAWEI MATE 20 PRO

The best phone in the world running Android

SPECIFICATIONS

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Weight: 189gDimensions: 157.8 x 72.3 x 8.6 mmOS: Android 9.0 Pie, EMUI 9.0Screen size: 6.39 inches Resolution: 1,440 x 3,120CPU: Kirin 980RAM: 6GBStorage: 128GBBattery: 4,200 mAh Rear camera: 40MP + 20MP + 8MPFront camera: 24MP

REASONS TO BUY

+Kirin 980 CPU is insanely fast

+Leica-made camera system is superb

+Futuristic in-display fingerprint reader

REASONS TO AVOID

-None of note

In our review of the Huawei Mate 20 Pro, Robert Jones of the REFURBISHED I`S said that “the Huawei Mate 20 Pro offers an experience that leaves absolutely nothing to be desired and, for all real-world goals, is perfect,” before concluding ” It’s a phone you’ll soon fall in love with. “

And, with the fastest processor in the world, the incredibly fast Kirin 980, a stunning OLED display, HDR, a Leica camera system, a next generation fingerprint reader, a 4,200 mAh battery high capacity In addition to Android 9.0 Pie, it quickly becomes easy to see how these praises were won and why this phone is so high on the list of the best phones in 2019.

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In addition, the complete package of the Huawei Mate 20 Pro is so advanced, stylish and complete that it is difficult to recommend another better phone for 2019 if you buy at the top of the market for Android phones, especially because the phone includes also this package. . Hyper-desirable, which is usually the exclusive domain of Apple’s flagship iPhones.

The best option in its class available in 2019 for Android users, and a smartphone that leaves you without thinking about what it could have been, or that the lawn can be greener on another device. It will take a little time in 2019.

3. SAMSUNG GALAXY NOTE 9

A superb Android phone that hits hard across the board

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SPECIFICATIONS

Weight: 201gDimensions: 161.9 x 76.4 x 8.8mmOS: Android 8.1Screen size: 6.4-inchesResolution: 1440 x 2960 pixels CPU: Qualcomm Snapdragon 845RAM: 6GBStorage: 128GBBattery: 4000mAhRear cameras: 12 MP f/1.5-2.4 + 12MP f/2.4Front camera: 8 MP f/1.7

REASONS TO BUY

+Top hardware

+6.4-inch Super AMOLED screen is stunning

+New S Pen digital stylus works superbly

REASONS TO AVOID

-4,000mAh battery is only competitive, not standout

-Bixby AI assistant is still definitely a work in progress

With its absolutely stunning 6.4-inch Super AMOLED display, powerful internal hardware package and new S Pen digital pen, the Note 9 is without a doubt one of the best Android phones available today and, in short, offers a good performance

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In fact, when you take into account the phone’s excellent camera system, the competitive battery and audiophile audio pile credentials, you realize that it’s not just about work-driven productivity, but also a powerful tool that easily makes our list of the best phones for 2019.

While it’s true that its high price can discourage you, just like the Android platform if you’re used to iOS, you simply cannot ignore what a very useful and polite device is, Note 9.

In our review of the Galaxy Note 9, we say that it is “one of the most functional, feature rich, and costly Android smartphones in the world,” before concluding that “if you buy a new flagship phone and can pay your high price, so you should definitely include it among your main contenders. “

4. APPLE IPHONE XR

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The best phone for Apple fans looking for maximum bang for their buck

SPECIFICATIONS

Weight: 194gDimensions: 150.9 x 75.7 x 8.3 mmOS: iOS 12Screen size: 6.1 inches Resolution: 828 x 1792CPU: Apple A12 Bionic (7 nm) RAM: 3GBStorage: 64/128/256GBBattery: 2,942 mAh Rear camera: 12MPFront camera: 7MP

REASONS TO BUY

+Modern, bright design

+Liquid Retina screen

+Excellent build quality

REASONS TO AVOID

-Camera system could be better

-Lacks 3D Touch

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If you’re a fan of Apple and you cannot expand financially to achieve the 5-star genius of iPhone XS and iPhone XS Max, then the iPhone XR is a great case as a cheaper alternative, what could be the best. Phone for you in 2019.

The iPhone XR is available in a variety of attractive and bright colors. It features a high-quality 6.1-inch Retina Liquid Retina display, the latest and best Apple Bionic A12 chipset, 3 GB of RAM, a 2,942 mAh battery and 64 GB of space. Storage at the entrance. Model (which can be taken up to 256 GB with an additional expense).

It’s usually a well-equipped and well-constructed phone that, out of the box, feels great in the hand.

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What you do not get on the Apple iPhone XR is the same flexibility of the camera as on the iPhone XS. In addition, the screen (even if it is wide and clear) is also surpassed by the XS range and some other devices at the same price.

However, even though the REFURBISHED I`S concluded in our official phone review, the iPhone XR offers “a complete iPhone experience at a great price.” It deserves to be left out of the shadow of the iPhone XS, offering a finely balanced experience that takes the premium feel of this phone, and throws a few tricks of their own. “

As such, we believe that the iPhone XR is the best phone that Apple currently has in terms of investment, making it a simple recommendation for most users.

5. HONOR VIEW 20

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The best phone for flagship-grade internal hardware at a mid-range price point

SPECIFICATIONS

Weight: 180gDimensions: 156.9 x 75.4 x 8.1 mmOS: Android 9.0 Pie Screen size: 6.4-inchesResolution: 2310 x 1080 pixels CPU: Kirin 980RAM: 8GBStorage: 256GBBattery: 4000mAhRear camera: 48MP rear  Front camera: 25MP front

REASONS TO BUY

+Bold, standout design

+Large and vibrant 6.4-inch screen

+Rapid internal hardware

REASONS TO AVOID

-No wireless charging

-No water resistance certification

With its incredibly bold Aurora nano texture design, 6.4-inch widescreen display and incredibly fast 7nm Kirin 980 processor, the Honor View 20 gives you an excellent investment. And that says nothing about your flagship RAM and storage options!

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And it’s certainly this affordability that really elevates the Honor View 20, since it’s actually a midrange device, its base unit being sold a penny under five hundred notes and the higher version. Level still only plays £ 80 more at £ 579.99 in the UK.

Integrate a powerful camera system capable of displaying 48 MP images, advanced GPU Turbo 2.0 technologies that allow any Android game to function like a dream, and the latest version of Android 9.0 Pie and Magic itself. 2.0.1 User interface of honor. And you have a device that can compete with phones hundreds of pounds more expensive compared and leaves very little to be desired.

Yes, you do not have some of the most important features on the phone, such as wireless charging (or reverse wireless charging) or an on-screen fingerprint reader, but it seems like it’s not a small compromise given the package you receive for your money. And it’s a package that includes a screen with a front-hole camera.

6. GOOGLE PIXEL 3 XL

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One of the best phones for photography lovers

SPECIFICATIONS

Weight: 175gDimensions: 158 x 76.7 x 7.9 mmOS: Android 9.0 Pie Screen size: 6.3-inchesResolution: 1440 x 2960 pixels CPU: Qualcomm Snapdragon 845RAM: 4GBStorage: 64/128GBBattery: 3430mAhRear camera: 12.2MP f/1.8Front camera: 8MP+8MP f/1.8 + f/2.2

REASONS TO BUY

+Superb camera

+Pure Android 9.0 Pie out of the box

REASONS TO AVOID

-No in-screen fingerprint reader

-Battery life is unspectacular

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In fact, whether it’s the excellent camera, the metal and glass chassis, the power stacks in play or the fact that the software and virtual assistant work in perfect harmony with the hardware, Google has very wrong with the Pixel 3 XL.

In fact, Android 9.0 Piece of the Box, Qualcomm’s highly-qualified Qualcomm Snapdragon 845 processor, 4GB of RAM and 128GB of storage space are a great combination of user interface speed and application performance. . – The format of the 18.5: 9 screen makes viewing enjoyable.

This is the 12.2-megapixel single-lens rear camera, although it is the true star of the Pixel 3 XL series: with one lens, it offers details, colors and sharpness of image really excellent. This is not a big improvement over Google Pixel 2 XL, but the camera on this phone was already among the best in its class. This device is so special.

7. ONEPLUS 6T

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A beautiful Android smartphone with speed that kills

SPECIFICATIONS

Weight: 185gDimensions: 157.5 x 74.8 x 8.2mmOS: Android 9.0Screen size: 6.41-inchesResolution: 1080 x 2340 pixels CPU: Qualcomm Snapdragon 845RAM: 8GBStorage: 128/256GBBattery: 3700mAhRear camera: Dual 16MP f/1.7 + 20MP f/1.7Front camera: 16MP f/2.0

REASONS TO BUY

+Incredibly fast with big benchmark scores

+Priced lower than some flagships

+Beautiful and premium build

REASONS TO AVOID

-Not waterproof

-No wireless charging

-Similar to OnePlus 6

The OnePlus 6T is one of the fastest Android phones on the market and easily converts it into our best phone list for 2019. It combines the high-end Snapdragon 845 processor, the powerful Adreno 630 GPU and the incredible 8GB capacity The RAM (4 GB more than the Samsung Galaxy S9) means that the OnePlus 6T smokes a lot of opposition in terms of benchmark scores.

The use of Android 9.0 Pie and the slightly vanilla skin of OnePlus, OxygenOS, adds to this speed, also with menu navigation, as well as application loading and smooth change of experience.

The 6.41-inch and 19.5: 9 AMOLED display is not the best on the market, nor is its camera system (the limit of which is identical to that of OnePlus 6). In addition, its battery is simply competitive and is hit by devices such as the Huawei Mate 20 Pro and Samsung Galaxy Note 9.

However, that said, in terms of pure speed, the OnePlus 6T is on the table of flagship phones, and its manufacturer also offers a device that is pleasant to look at and keep. The pack of accessories included in the box is also first class, which, with its average price, makes it a very attractive phone package in general and deserves a place on our list of products the best phones of 2019.

8. SONY XPERIA XZ3

The best phone for a premium build and screen, with Android 9.0 Pie out of the box

SPECIFICATIONS

Weight: 193gDimensions: 158 x 73 x 9.9mmOS: Android 9.0Screen size: 6.0-inchesResolution: 1440 x 2880 pixels CPU: Qualcomm Snapdragon 845RAM: 6GBStorage: 64GBBattery: 3300mAhRear camera: Dual 19MPFront camera: 13 MP

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REASONS TO BUY

+Lithe new 18:9 form factor

+Premium aluminum and glass build

+Stunning Brava-engineered screen

+Android 9.0 Pie out of the box

REASONS TO AVOID

-Camera system isn’t as good as XZ2 Premium’s

-Beaten in benchmarks by other flagships

Sony offers a fast and stylish upgrade of its Xperia XZ2 technically with the Xperia XZ3, which features a new QHD + HDR 6, 18: 9 screen, designed by Bravia, as well as a new, premium quality design. Aluminum and glass.

This first-class OLED beauty also includes solid competitive hardware: a Qualcomm Snapdragon 845 processor, 4GB of RAM, 64GB of storage space and a 3300mAh battery. Combined, this hardware provides leading performance in games and applications.

However, do not be fooled, the screen is the big sale here. Consume is pure pleasure and (whispering softly) it is probably the best phone screen ever created.

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Regarding the cameras, you get the same 19 MP rear camera in the XZ3 as that installed in the XZ2, which is really impressive by the detailed plans it offers. That said, the system does not reach the one installed on the Sony Xperia XZ2 Premium, which is marketed as the best phone manufacturer for photography enthusiasts.

Note that the Sony Xperia XZ3 is capable of recording videos in 4K, HDR format and can also capture slow-motion (960 fps) 1080p shots – a remarkable ability that currently has no rivals for rivals – and it’s clear what it did on our list of the best 2019 phones.

The Xperia XZ3 is usually the best phone that Sony currently makes and a luxurious addition to our best guide for smartphones. The Xperia XZ4 will certainly have a lot to beat when it arrives.

9. SAMSUNG GALAXY S9

A quality all-rounder that’s now available at some truly amazing price points

SPECIFICATIONS

Weight: 163gDimensions: 147.7 x 68.7 x 8.5mmOS: Android 8.0Screen size: 5.8-inchesResolution: 1440 x 2960 pixels CPU: Exynos 9810 Octa RAM: 4GBStorage: 64GBBattery: 3000mAhRear camera: 12 MP f/1.5Front camera: 8 MP f/1.7

REASONS TO BUY

+Amazing design

+Almost flawless

+Now available at low prices

REASONS TO AVOID

-Bixby AI is half-baked

-Similar to Samsung Galaxy S8

The Samsung Galaxy S9, despite being overtaken by the extraordinary Galaxy Note 9 and the Huawei Mate 20 Pro even more fantastic, is still a quality Android phone, with a bright Infinity Edge display that occupies 84% ​​of the body and more. Avant-garde guts.

Yes, this futuristic smartphone is an excellent choice. Samsung has managed to resist the temptation of adding a notch to the X-style of the iPhone: it’s definitely a good thing for our mind because it helps the phone to keep its own identity.

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The S9 offers an excellent complete set. In addition to the incredible display and advanced specifications, this phone also has a good battery, excellent camera and fast performance. With all this combined, you get not only one of the smart phones with the best appearance on the market, but also one of the most powerful.

We believe that the 5.8-inch S9 is perfect, but if you’re looking for an even bigger smartphone, Samsung also offers the Galaxy S9 +, which features a 6.2-inch larger display and a built-in system. Improved camera for a little more money. .

10. HUAWEI P20 PRO

The Huawei P20 Pro remains one of the very best phones available today

SPECIFICATIONS

Weight: 180gDimensions: 155 x 73.9 x 7.8mmOS: Android 8.1Screen size: 6.1-inchesResolution: 1080 x 2244 pixels CPU: Kirin 970RAM: 6GBStorage: 128GBBattery: 4000mAhRear camera: Triple 40MP + 20MP + 8MP Leica Front camera: 24MP f/2.0

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REASONS TO BUY

+Premium design

+Battery life

+Awesome camera

REASONS TO AVOID

-Software

-‘Just’ HD screen

The Huawei P20 Pro, although overtaken by the Huawei Mate 20 Pro, remains one of the best phones if you are looking for a premium alternative to the iPhone X and Samsung Galaxy S9.

We love the triple camera with the Leica brand of the P20 Pro. Yes, you read correctly, this camera is equipped with three sensors: a 40MP RGB sensor, a 20MP monochrome sensor and an 8MP sensor. The three lenses can be used to capture very pleasing images.

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The operating system is also advancing by leaps and bounds, and the design and usability of this device are really fantastic. It’s a smartphone that really puts a cat among the pigeons … the pigeons in this case are Samsung, Apple and Google.

However, the P20 Pro is not quite perfect. The user interface is still lagging behind its competitors, and some will not appreciate the X-sequel design for iPhone.

Despite its drawbacks, we believe that it is a brilliant smartphone, thanks to an ordered combination of design, features and camera. In addition, the life of the battery is longer and can last about two days between charges.

Morgana Johnson is an expert author of telecommunication industry. for more information about HTC refurbished phones and Nokia mobile phones uk visit dhammatek our mobile shop.

YOUNG CHILDREN CAN SEE EASILY THE CONTENT OF THE SHOW IN A YOUTUBE AGE RESTRICTIONS

Violent and sexual images found in videos with characters intended for children.

The YouTube video begins with a popular cartoon character for British children, Peppa Pig, who introduces herself and her family, but there are almost immediate signs of trouble. During the ninth second, Peppa’s mother opens her mouth and shouts, “Smoke grass!”

The video, a doctoral version of a real episode of Peppa, is getting worse from there. For five minutes, there are racist and homophobic explosions and insults that lead to Peppa and his parents wearing sunglasses that smoke marijuana while rapper Snoop Dogg dances nearby. Since it was downloaded in 2015, the modified video, which has no age limit, has been viewed more than 1.5 million times.

After years of swearing at the police on inappropriate content, YouTube continues to offer violent images, references to drugs, sexually suggestive footage and vulgar and racist comments in clips that reach children at a worrying pace, say, researchers, parents, and consumer groups.

They say that YouTube’s recommendation algorithm is not able to reliably segment content for the appropriate ages and that its default autoplay feature offers an almost infinite number of videos that confuse, disrupt and excite young people minds. Although many parents try to monitor what their kids are seeing, the sheer volume of YouTube content consumed by many users makes this a mess, especially when a short clip can deliver a variety of misplaced messages.

“Today, YouTube is the biggest problem for parents,” said James Steyer, CEO of Common Sense Media, a nonprofit organization based in San Francisco that advocates for families and schools around the world. “Children are content to constantly find completely inappropriate content because it is managed by algorithm.”

Steyer and others say that YouTube is a good example of the tectonic shift in children’s programming from the previous generation, away from the world of open, government-regulated, and time-bound television. The increasingly dominant online world offers unregulated content that can be loaded by virtually anyone, almost anywhere in the world, and can reach children at any time, depending on the vigilance parents.

YouTube has always said that its platform is not targeting children and created the YouTube Kids app in 2015 to meet the demand for more content for a younger audience.

“Protecting children and families is a priority for us,” YouTube said in response to questions about inappropriate content for children. “Because YouTube is not for kids, we’ve invested heavily in creating the Kids Kids app, a destination specifically designed for kids, and we do not allow users under the age of 13 to create or have accounts on YouTube. ” in the case of a minor, we cancel this account, we cancel thousands of accounts each week as part of this process. “

However, parents, consumer groups, and pediatricians said YouTube was very popular with children, rather than children’s apps. Kids watch YouTube on mobile devices, theirs and their parents’, as well as on enabled TVs for the Internet and browsers on laptops. Through browsers, YouTube users are not required to sign in, except in cases where a video is age-restricted, which means there is no practical barrier to what children watch most videos. in the service.

Videos with age restrictions require users to sign in to an account before viewing so that they can establish that they are at least 18 years old. This step may discourage children, although experts say many children are lying of their age to create accounts on YouTube and other services. YouTube said its “review team” imposes age restrictions on content containing vulgar language, nudity, violence, or dangerous activities when these videos catch the attention of YouTube. Content with age restrictions cannot advertise or be monetized by its creators.

In a survey conducted last year at the Pew Research Center of parents of children under the age of 12, more than 80% said their children were watching YouTube and 34% said they see it regularly. In its 2017 annual survey, market research firm Smarty Pants named YouTube as “the # 1 brand for kids”, calling it “the most powerful brand in kids’ lives.” The survey distinguished it from the YouTube Kids app, which was less popular among 6 to 12-year-olds.

The researchers say that YouTube’s content recommendation algorithms pose special problems for children because they often sit in front of a screen for long periods of time and automatically watch what is being read. The content, even inappropriate for parents, can hypnotize immature children away from unhealthy words or pictures.

Problems can be particularly serious when children search for popular and seemingly harmless terms such as “Spider-man”, “Superhero” and “Elsa”. The blond princess who played in Frozen in 2013 has generated such inappropriate content on YouTube that critics group such videos under the short name “Elsagate”. Disney did not respond to requests for comment.

Critics also say that the problem is not visibly improving. The “Peppa” writing on the YouTube search engine, for example, has generated at least one video recommended by researchers as “disturbing” 70% of the time, according to a study published in January on the basis of 2,500 videos of Youtube

Researchers who looked at these keywords found clips showing a lightly dressed Elsa, overlapping another partially nude cartoon character, Spider-Man squirming under the covers with a life-size Rapunzel doll and Peppa monster with knives for the hands that, in the middle of a dialogue full of blasphemies, Slices open the head of several characters in bloody attacks. (YouTube stated that none of these videos had violated their policies and none had appeared in the YouTube Kids app – the one showing a violent monster with age restrictions).

The researchers also found that children had a 45% chance of seeing at least one “disturbing” or inappropriate video in the 10 video clips, a duration that often equates to about one hour of viewing. Some videos were raw animations, some of which featured actors in disguise. Others, including Peppa’s video on marijuana, were real children’s videos that had been manipulated with new words and images related to the original.

Peppa Pig, a British preschool animated television series that debuted in 2004 and has an international audience, is a particularly popular target for those creating fake alternative versions of original episodes or videos. entirely new based on program characters. Entertainment One, produced by Peppa, declined to comment.

Graduates of the Cyprus University of Technology, who watched videos featuring several popular characters among young children, discovered that fake videos often contain violence, profanity and sexually charged behavior.

“I’m a father, it certainly happens more often than I’m not comfortable,” said Jeremy Blackburn, a computer science professor at the University of Alabama in Birmingham, co-author of the study and father of three children. “The problem is that they can be served and recommend things that are not just garbage, but inappropriate things, just bad things.”

A promise of cleanliness that failed

Biologist Leonore Reiser, who lives in Oakland, Calif., Said her 9-year-old daughter recently reported seeing disturbing YouTube videos. When she reviewed her visual history, Ms. Reiser found a call called “Two Girls Want a Man”.

He represented two young women in swimsuits competing for a man’s attention in a public swimming pool, and in another part of the video, the same man caressing one of the woman’s breasts. Reiser then determined that her son, while watching YouTube unattended, had searched for desecration, which made the video appear as a recommended option.

When the Washington Post watched the clip, the next video series that recommended the YouTube algorithm, in a panel on the right side of the screen, under the title “Next Up”, included many scenes of sexual intimacy they reached. nudity. Most were not limited by age.

Although she was not happy with the content found by her son during a secular search, Reiser was more upset by the lyrics of the rap videos that often accompany the football and basketball highlights that her son frequently watched. . “In fact, I’m less concerned about the curses than the men who talk about b * s, hoes and violence,” Reiser said. “That’s what really catches my goat: violence against women.”

YouTube has long been committed to cleaning inappropriate platform content in the midst of a series of controversies involving violent extremism, odious online conspiracies and disturbing content for children. The company hired thousands of human moderators and sought to refine its artificial intelligence systems to better identify and eliminate videos that violate the guidelines of its community.

But efforts have failed with respect to many types of objectionable content, according to researchers, parents and advocates. In recent weeks, a video blogger documented how pedophiles followed children’s videos and shared sexually suggestive tones, compared to a “network of soft-core pedophiles” and a Florida pediatrician. He discovered that the video clip who explains how to commit suicide has been split into children’s videos on YouTube and YouTube Kids.

These controversies have led some advertisers to leave YouTube, as have Disney, Nestle and others recently. However, the persistence of the problems has led some of those who study the platform to conclude that the almost incomprehensible size of YouTube, with 500 hours of new videos per minute, made control so difficult that parents had to prevent their children from seeing them.

James Bridle, a prominent critic, artist, and author, who used a Medium publication in November 2017 to highlight the disturbing content that YouTube is broadcasting for children, said that the arrangements the company attempted did not work. The algorithm continues to identify and provide the most extreme and stimulating content.

“It seems pretty obvious that this is just a game of madness,” said Bridle, author of New Dark Age: Technology and the End of the Future. “The more extreme the video, the more clicks … Imagine now that this applies to young children.”

He was more direct in a TED talk last year: “If you have young children, move them away from YouTube.”

A seemingly bottomless video well.

YouTube’s recommendation algorithm uses machine learning and artificial intelligence to study what users watch and suggest other videos. When AutoPlay is enabled, the default service on YouTube will continue to stream videos with similar themes and features indefinitely.

Former YouTube engineer Guillaume Chaslot, who left the company in 2013 and now leads the AlgoTransparency monitoring group, said YouTube would fight to stop the flow of inappropriate content as long as its artificial intelligence is trained to maximize “time “a monitoring metric that feeds the business-based advertising business model.

The result, he said, is a referral system that prioritizes user stimulation first and foremost. In the recent scandal involving suspected pedophiles, which lists the timestamps of provocative images in video commentary sections, Chaslot said that the recommendation algorithm had allowed the content to be broadcast. “The best thing to do for (the algorithm) is to find the pedophile videos and broadcast them to the people most likely to become so, so that the best artificial intelligence in the world does.”

The federal law on privacy also complicates the image. Sites for children under 13 years old are not allowed to collect most personal data of users without parental permission. YouTube, which takes advantage of data-based advertising, avoids this restriction by maintaining that the service should not be used by children at all. If YouTube explicitly recommended some content for children, this position would become unsustainable, Chaslot said.

Last year, several consumer groups lodged a complaint with the federal regulators, stating that YouTube knew that children used the site regularly, despite their policies, and thus routinely violated the law on the protection of privacy.

Mr. Chaslot argued that to make YouTube safer for kids, the company should prioritize something other than “watching the time,” ideally a system in which parents rate videos based on their value. educational or their relevance. simply what kids are clicking or watching automatically in the auto game. . YouTube says it has reduced the emphasis on “see time” in its recommendation algorithm.

Pediatrician Jenny Radesky, a researcher at the University of Michigan who examines the effects of advanced technologies on children and families, said children had trouble understanding some videos, especially when the characters they admired were acting inappropriately. This puts into question their emerging sense of good and evil and creates confusion. It can also cause some children to mimic the behaviors they observe, said Ms. Radesky.

And the pressure on parents is serious, as they seek to protect their children from disturbing images and messages that are always as close as the nearest mobile device. Many parents report that constant supervision is impractical and content controls are limited and difficult to use.

“It’s difficult, it’s a big part of parents’ responsibility to monitor and supervise children,” Radesky said. “You need a design solution.”

Senator Edward Markey, a Massachusetts Democrat, said he would soon introduce legislation to deal with children’s online content such as traditional children’s television. He favors the age-appropriate labeling of videos to help families make visualization decisions, and wants to examine the use of design features, such as automatic gaming, that foment particularly intense or even compulsive consumption. .

“There is extremely strong evidence that algorithms generate content on YouTube that is not age-appropriate, and that’s not correct,” said Markey. “YouTube is where kids go, so we have to solve the problem … We need to set rules to protect children.”

Ms. Reiser, the Oakland mother whose 9-year-old found inappropriate videos, said her recent discoveries have made her want to block the platform from her home. “Because of all the creepy, weird stuff he’s finding, we’re actually watching YouTube less. I deleted it from the TV, and I’m deleting it from my iPhone.”

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